Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Every year, thousands of outdoor trekkers worldwide visit high-altitude (>2500 m) destinations. Although high-altitude areas per se do not harbor any specific agents, it is important to know the pathogens encountered in the mountains to be better able to help the ill sojourner at high altitude. These are the same pathogens prevalent in the surrounding lowlands, but various factors such as immunomodulation, hypoxia, physiological adaptation, and harsh environmental stressors at high altitude may enhance susceptibility to these pathogens. Against this background, various gastrointestinal, respiratory, dermatological, neurological, and other infections encountered at high altitude are discussed. Because there are few published data on infections at high altitude, this review is largely anecdotal and based on personal experience.

Original publication




Journal article


Clin Infect Dis

Publication Date





1887 - 1891


Altitude, Animals, Central Nervous System Infections, Disease Susceptibility, Gastrointestinal Diseases, Hepatitis, Viral, Human, Humans, Infections, Insect Vectors, Respiratory Tract Infections, Skin Diseases, Infectious