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BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic deprivation may predispose individuals to respiratory tract infections. We estimated RSV-associated hospitalizations by socioeconomic deprivation in Scotland. METHODS: Using national routine health care records and virological surveillance from 2010 to 2016, we used a time-series linear regression model and a direct measurement based on ICD-10 coded diagnoses to estimate RSV-associated hospitalizations by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) quintile and age in comparison to influenza-associated hospitalizations. RESULTS: We estimated an annual average rate per 1000 people of 0.76 (95% CI: 0.43-0.90) in the least deprived group to 1.51 (1.03-1.79) for the most deprived group using model-based approach. The rate ratio (RR) was 1.96 (1.23-3.25), 1.60 (1.0-2.66), 1.35 (0.85-2.25), and 1.12 (0.7-1.85) in the 1st to 4th quintile versus the least deprived group. The pattern of RSV-associated hospitalization rates variation with SIMD was most pronounced in children 0-2y. The ICD-10 approach provided much lower rates than the model-based approach but yielded similar RR estimates between SIMD. Influenza-associated hospitalization rate generally increased with higher deprivation levels among individuals 1y+. CONCLUSIONS: Higher RSV and influenza hospitalization rates are related to higher deprivation levels. Differences between deprivation levels are most pronounced in infants and young children for RSV, and are more apparent among individuals 1y+ for influenza.

Original publication




Journal article


J Infect Dis

Publication Date





S61 - S69


adults, children, deprivation level, hospitalization, influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, Adult, Child, Infant, Humans, Child, Preschool, Influenza, Human, Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human, Scotland, Hospitalization, Hospitals