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Most poverty measures identify a household as poor based on achievements of all its members, hence gendered and intrahousehold inequalities are not illuminated even when data for individual household members exist. This paper provides a framework for jointly analysing individual deprivations alongside poverty status and composition, to illuminate gendered and intrahousehold disparities and intergenerational patterns. The illustration applies the methodology to multidimensional poverty in seven countries in South Asia and monetary poverty in Pakistan. The paper thus prototypes a general methodology that can be incorporated into standard poverty reporting to shine a light jointly on individual deprivations and household poverty.


Working paper


Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI)

Publication Date



1 - 31


Gender, Multidimensional Poverty Measurement, Intergenerational mobility, Intrahousehold Inequality, Child Poverty, Education, South Asia, Poverty Measurement, Nutrition