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Resistance to the antimalarial drug artemisinin (ART) has emerged in Greater Mekong Subregion. The molecular marker predominantly used to identify ART resistance is the C580Y mutation in Pfkelch13 of Plasmodium falciparum. Rapid and accurate detection of ART resistance in the field is necessary to guide malaria containment and elimination interventions. Our study evaluates the PfC580Y by using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification and single nucleotide polymorphism analysis visualization using a lateral flow assay (LAMP-SNP-LFA) method for detecting ART resistance in clinical samples collected from Thailand between 2014 and 2019. The optimized incubation condition for the reaction was determined as 45 min at 56 °C, followed by visual detection of positive amplicons using LFA. The assay demonstrated high analytical sensitivity and specificity, with a limit of detection of 16.8 copies of C580Y plasmid/µL of and 100% accuracy for C580Y mutation detection. The PfC580Y LAMP-SNP-LFA method is faster and simpler than conventional polymerase chain reaction/DNA sequencing and has the potential to support antimalarial management policies, malaria control, and global elimination efforts.

Original publication




Journal article


Acta Trop

Publication Date





C580Y mutation, LAMP-SNP assay, Lateral flow assay, Plasmodium falciparum, Humans, Plasmodium falciparum, Malaria, Falciparum, Artemisinins, Antimalarials, Malaria, Mutation, Drug Resistance