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In this Viewpoint, the authors explore the determinants of patients' prescription adherence behaviors as part of FIND's Advancing Access to Diagnostic Innovation essential for Universal Health Coverage and AMR Prevention (ADIP) trials ( identifier: NCT04081051). Research findings from Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Uganda show that basic knowledge and understanding of prescription instructions are essential for adherence and can be improved through better communication. However, there are a range of other factors that influence adherence, some of which can be influenced through tailored communication messages from healthcare workers. These messages may contribute to changes in adherence behavior but may require other reinforcing interventions to be effective. Finally, there are some drivers of nonadherence centered around costs and time pressure that require other forms of intervention.

Original publication




Journal article


Clin Infect Dis

Publication Date





S206 - S210


adherence, antibiotic, behaviors, determinants, prescription, Humans, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Communication, Drug Resistance, Bacterial, Prescriptions, Qualitative Research