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High intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) during laparoscopic surgery is associated with reduced splanchnic blood flow. It is uncertain whether a low IAP prevents this reduction. We assessed the effect of an individualized low-pneumoperitoneum-pressure strategy on liver perfusion. This was a single-center substudy of the multicenter 'Individualized Pneumoperitoneum Pressure in Colorectal Laparoscopic Surgery versus Standard Therapy II study' (IPPCollapse-II), a randomized clinical trial in which patients received an individualized low-pneumoperitoneum strategy (IPP) or a standard pneumoperitoneum strategy (SPP). Liver perfusion was indirectly assessed by the indocyanine green plasma disappearance rate (ICG-PDR) and the secondary endpoint was ICG retention rate after 15 min (R15) using pulse spectrophotometry. Multivariable beta regression was used to assess the association between group assignment and ICG-PDR and ICG-R15. All 29 patients from the participating center were included. Median IAP was 8 (25th-75th percentile: 8-10) versus 12 (12,12) mmHg, in IPP and SPP patients, respectively (p < 0.001). ICG-PDR was higher (OR 1.42, 95%-CI 1.10-1.82; p = 0.006) and PDR-R15 was lower in IPP patients compared with SPP patients (OR 0.46, 95%-CI 0.29-0.73; p = 0.001). During laparoscopic colorectal surgery, an individualized low pneumoperitoneum may prevent a reduction in liver perfusion.

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colorectal surgery, laparoscopic colorectal surgery, laparoscopy, low-impact laparoscopy, perioperative medicine, pneumoperitoneum