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Heart rate variability (HRV) is an important non-invasive parameter to assess the cardiac autonomic nervous system. In particular, spectrum matrices of HRV data have been widely used for physical and mental health monitoring. However, measurement uncertainties from data acquisition and physiological factors can easily affect the HRV spectrum and degrade outcomes of health monitoring. In this paper, we propose a new model for incomplete spectrum estimation of the HRV data based on matrix completion (MC). We show that our model performs efficiently when estimating missing entries for HRV spectra. Moreover, a refined model of matrix completion (RMC) is proposed that can be derived from correlation analysis of the HRV spectra. Two benchmark electrocardiography (ECG) datasets are retrieved and used to derive the HRV data, which are employed to evaluate the performance of our RMC method on the estimation of missing entries in the spectra. Furthermore, four different types of deep recurrent neural networks and the traditional MC method are used for a comparison study, and our RMC method obtains the least estimation error with different masking ratios. The experimental studies and comparison results demonstrate the advantages and robustness of our developed method for the estimation of incomplete HRV spectra.

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Conference paper

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