Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Controlled human malaria infection (CHMI) provides a highly informative means to investigate host-pathogen interactions and enable in vivo proof-of-concept efficacy testing of new drugs and vaccines. However, unlike Plasmodium falciparum, well-characterized P. vivax parasites that are safe and suitable for use in modern CHMI models are limited. Here, 2 healthy malaria-naive United Kingdom adults with universal donor blood group were safely infected with a clone of P. vivax from Thailand by mosquito-bite CHMI. Parasitemia developed in both volunteers, and prior to treatment, each volunteer donated blood to produce a cryopreserved stabilate of infected RBCs. Following stringent safety screening, the parasite stabilate from one of these donors (PvW1) was thawed and used to inoculate 6 healthy malaria-naive United Kingdom adults by blood-stage CHMI, at 3 different dilutions. Parasitemia developed in all volunteers, who were then successfully drug treated. PvW1 parasite DNA was isolated and sequenced to produce a high-quality genome assembly by using a hybrid assembly method. We analyzed leading vaccine candidate antigens and multigene families, including the vivax interspersed repeat (VIR) genes, of which we identified 1145 in the PvW1 genome. Our genomic analysis will guide future assessment of candidate vaccines and drugs, as well as experimental medicine studies.

Original publication




Journal article


JCI Insight

Publication Date





Infectious disease, Malaria, Animals, Genome, Healthy Volunteers, Humans, Malaria, Falciparum, Male, Plasmodium vivax