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Rates of child maltreatment are higher in low- and middle-income countries due to risk factors such as social inequities, economic adversity, and sociocultural norms. Given the evidence showing the effectiveness of parenting interventions to prevent child maltreatment, this study embarked on a cultural adaptation of an evidence-based parenting program with the eventual goal of integrating it within a nationwide conditional cash transfer program for low-income Filipino parents with children aged 2-6 years. We document the systematic adaptation of the Parenting for Lifelong Health for Young Children program that was developed and tested in South Africa, for low-resource Filipino families using the heuristic framework for the cultural adaptation of interventions. We underscore the merits of conducting a multistage top-down and bottom-up process that uses a participatory approach among cultural insiders and outsiders to develop a parenting intervention that reflects the contextual realities and cultural values of end users. The adapted program, Masayang Pamilya Para sa Batang Pilipino, is the product of a delicate and deliberate effort to balance Filipino childrearing goals and values with the scientific evidence on components of parenting interventions known to promote positive parenting and prevent child maltreatment.

Original publication




Journal article


Fam Process

Publication Date





1202 - 1216


Child Maltreatment, Cultural Adaptation, Filipino Parenting, Parenting Program, adaptación cultural, crianza filipina, maltrato infantil, programa de crianza, 儿童虐待, 养育计划, 文化适应, 菲律宾养育, Child, Child Abuse, Child, Preschool, Humans, Parenting, Parents, Philippines, Poverty