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A 17-year-old young woman presented to Patan Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal, with high-grade fever and headache for 4 days and non-projectile vomiting for 1 day. She also had blurred vision with dizziness on and off. There was no abnormal physical finding. Enteric fever was suspected, and she was empirically started on azithromycin (20 mg/kg) for 7 days. She became afebrile after 2 days and was followed up in 7 days with diplopia since 5 days. At this time, the blood culture was positive for Salmonella serovar typhi. On examination, there was isolated left lateral rectus palsy which accounted for her diplopia. Methylprednisolone (1 mg/kg) was prescribed which was tapered over 1 month and gradually her diplopia subsided. We hypothesise that vasculitic change in the blood vessel supplying the left abducens nerve could be causing the diplopia.

Original publication




Journal article


BMJ case reports

Publication Date





Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Patan Hospital, Lalitpur, Province - 3, Nepal.